The retrials of criminal cases are considered measures used to correct
the falsity of the criminal process. To be more specific, there are cases when
the final judgments cause the accused to face criminal liability, but it is
later found that the evidence used to make the final judgments is proved fake
or untrue. In this regard, such persons are actually not the true wrongdoers.
Those who are said to be convicted of crimes and face criminal liability are
actually innocent. They suffered from the imperfection in the administration of
criminal justice which makes them probably unable to work as government
officials and have criminal records even though they have never been convicted
As provided in the Retrial of Criminal Case Act, B.E. 2526 (1983), the
retrials can be done on the condition that there is the proof of fake or untrue
evidence or there is new and compelling evidence to prove that the accused is
not the true wrongdoers. The process of proving whether such a person is
innocent is lengthy. Since the Retrial of Criminal Case Act was promulgated in
Thailand, there has not yet been any criminal case permitted to be retrieved.
Due to such restricted conditions, the retrials of criminal cases seem to be